Udaipur Rajasthan is famous for one particular style of puppets which is known as Marionette which means that puppets have to be manipulated from top through the threads. Rajasthan puppets are made of wood. Kath (wood) + Putali (puppet, kathputali) have joined in making of animated objects for the performance. Puppeteers come from a community of Bhats (genealogist) of Nagaur and around districts of Rajasthan. It is said that the Bhats adopted Kathputali from Mugal Courts i.e. from Persian puppeteers who played with paper machie puppets. The Bhats are also known as Nat i.e. acrobats.Puppeteers say that they play the story of Amar singh Rathore, a medieval hero from Nagaur district who was serving in Mugal court of Shahjahan. But story of Amar singh is only the frame of puppet play. They use the court for playing on wonderfully animated puppets like dancers, snake charmer, sword-fighters, horse and camel riders etc. These puppets are the main attraction of their performance.
Puppets are carved and costumed by the puppeteers themselves. The marionette tradition has large possibility of developing in modern communication strategies.People of Rajasthan perform Rajasthan dances to express their emotions. These folk dances of Rajasthan display the rich culture and heritage of the land. Kachi Ghodi (dummy horse dance) is one of the most famous dance forms in Rajasthan and an exemplary folk art form. It brings out the vivid hues and the rustic charms of rural life in Rajasthan. Kachi Godi derives its name from the work Ghoodi meaning ‘mare’.
Kachi Ghodi of Rajasthan is performed by men on dummy horses. The dancers ride the dummy horses and move to the beats of drums, big airophonic instrument call Bankiya and thali (round metal plate). Kachi Godi of Rajasthan is a famous folk dance full of zest and colors. The costume from hip down is a wooden horse and the footwork is coordinated with the beats of the drums and flutes to resemble the trotting movements of the horse rider. One is always left awestruck at the skill of the performers and the labor that has been put into fashioning out such attire.
The performers wield mock swords and play the part of the brave yet benevolent bandits of the Shekhawati region of Rajasthan known as the Bavaria. The dacoits of this region were the local Robin Hoods; they stole from the rich, oppressive landlords and distributed among the poor and the needy. Though denounced as criminals, these bandits were highly regarded by the common folk.
Their valor and humorous episodes of their exploits are the themes of Kachi Godi songs. Often Kachi Godi dances are performed as part of the marriage rituals and to entertain the bridegroom’s party, called baraat.
Medium of Entertain and Education Puppets can work the edge between entertainment and information. They line up along with drama, drumming, storytelling, and dance as art forms that can also teach and persuade. The entertainment comes first. It draws us in, and once we have lost ourselves in the world the puppets create, we accept the message without even realizing that we are learning. Lessons learned in this way are more likely to learn and remember and it becomes part of knowledge. Puppets are equally at home in cities and villages. They can perform in the street or in local theatres and convey messages on immunization, sanitation or nutrition with humour and style. Puppet shows are among the most effective means of communicating health messages, Puppet research in India confirms this thing. The puppets are becoming more successful in country after country as puppeteers are discovering new messages and new audiences. Those who join hands with puppets today are signing up with a winning and fast-growing universal movement.
Puppetry in Rajasthan
The puppets in Rajasthan are one of the well-known sources of amusement in the state. The art of puppetry is practiced by a society of agricultural laborers of Rajasthan. Known as the Bhats, these people have been connected with Rajasthani string puppetry to carry forward their traditional profession. Originally they belong, to the Nagaur area in the Marwar region, they travel all over the country to show their talent. Also known by the name of the “kathputliwalas”, they usually perform the puppet shows during the late evenings. There are a number of wooden dummy dolls in the puppet shows that are dressed up in bright and color clothes. These puppets are attached with strings that the puppeteer uses to move them around.
A small stage is set up with the help of a small bed that is laid by length. The puppeteer turns his puppets over a line attached to the upper legs of the beds. The beds are enclosed with sheets in order to hide the puppeteer from the view of the public. He moves the jointed arms of the puppets with the help of strings connected to each of them. A small stage is set for the show where puppeteers show puppetry & tell the story. In the presentation, music or narrative song plays a vital role as the whole performance is based upon the narrative song.
The puppets are fixed on stage. It describes historic stories, replay tales of love, and contain much shouting and high-pitched sound as the puppet turn around circularly and move excitedly at the time of performance. Sometimes, the puppeteer makes use of different sound effects to attain the actuality impact & give a worth amusement. The puppeteer shows all his skills to make puppets dance on his tunes. Loud beats on the dholak (a kind of drum) declare the starting of the puppet show. There is shouting and whistling by the puppeteers throughout the show. The shows, generally lasts for about one hour.
The Puppet show are enjoyed by people belonging to all the age groups. The show of Kathputli of Rajasthan is performed during fairs and festival occasions. Loud beats on the dholak (a kind of drum) announce the starting of the puppet show. Throughout the show, there is hooting and whistling by the puppeteers. Each of the puppet shows of Rajasthan has a theme different from the other. One of the most popular themes is that of the dialogues of Amar Singh Rathore of Nagaur. The plays are usually narrated by the female members of the troupe. The narration is accompanied with appropriate songs and beats on the drums that are in perfect harmony with the movements of the puppets.
The shows, usually lasting one hour, are enjoyed by people belonging to all the age groups.if you wants to organise the puppet show in udaipur or in any other states than call to 9928686346 for booking or hire the puppet artist for ur kids birthday party, school college puppet show, at ur work place for entertainment.